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Stuart Robert Glass

Stuart Robert Glass was a Canadian adventurer and yachtsman killed by the Khmer Rouge in August 1978 while sailing a little yacht named "Foxy Lady" through Cambodian waters. One of nine "Western" yachtsmen known to have been seized by the ultra-Maoist Democratic Kampuchean regime, between April and November 1978. He was the sole Canadian victim of the 1975-79 Cambodian genocide.

Early life

Stuart Robert Glass was born in London, England on June 25, 1951. At the age of five he moved with his family to Richmond, British Columbia, Canada.[1] From an early age Stuart loved adventure. After completing his tenth grade of high school, Stuart worked for a while in Vancouver and then traveled to London to live and work. Less conventional adventures beckoned. Stuart smuggled Moroccan hashish into the UK on three occasions in 1972 and 1973. On the third of these, together with his girlfriend and two other companions, Stuart was arrested at UK customs. Following a six-month term at Wormwood Scrubs prison, he and his female companion-the two now married-navigated the Hippie Trail[2] to New Delhi, and from there flew to Australia.

Travels on Foxy Lady

While living in Darwin, the capital of Australia's Northern Territory, Stuart met New Zealander Kerry George Hamill. Glass and Hamill purchased a 28-foot, traditional Malaysian perahu bedar named Foxy Lady.[3] Together with Hamill's Australian girlfriend, Gail Colley, and perhaps another passenger, Stu and Kerry sailed Foxy Lady north to Timor, and from there to the island of Flores, in eastern Indonesia, then on to Bali, past Singapore and up the Strait of Malacca to the Thai island of Phuket. Some time in June 1978—following the departure of Gail Colley—Stuart and Kerry sailed around the tip of the Malaysian peninsula and up to Kuala Terengganu, on Malaysia's eastern coast. There they met another young traveller, Englishman John Dawson Dewhirst, who joined Foxy Lady on her final sail into Cambodian waters.

Foxy Lady's seizure

In the late afternoon or early evening of August 13, 1978, Foxy Lady was seized, off Koh Tang (Tang Island), by a patrol boat of the Democratic Kampuchean navy. Two Californians—Lance McNamara and James Clark—had been seized under similar circumstances in late April, while sailing a yacht named Mary K. off Koh Wai (Wai Island)[4] According to New Zealander Rob Hamill, brother of Stuart's murdered mate, Kerry, Foxy Lady had been blown into Cambodian waters by a storm.[5] Other sources suggest the little bedar had ventured here intentionally, on her way to Bangkok, possibly to pick up a load of Thai marijuana.[6] Only one account of Foxy Lady's brutal seizure exists—a single paragraph in one of the "confessions" S-21 interrogators would force John Dewhirst to write in early September: Stuart was shot during the seizure, Dewhirst told his Khmer Rouge captors, and either drowned or was abandoned in the water.[7] Dewhirst and Kerry Hamill were dragged off to Democratic Kampuchea's preeminent "security office," in Phnom Penh, known at the time as S-21. S-21 would later be called "Tuol Sleng" by Vietnamese forces that overthrew the Khmer Rouge in January 1979.[8][9] Like the six other Western yachtsmen imprisoned at S-21 (four Americans and two Australians), Hamill and Dewhirst were forced to confess, presumably under torture, that they were CIA spies. They are believed to have been killed shortly after signing their final "confessions," in mid-October 1978.

Aftermath of Foxy Lady's seizure

The death of six American and two Australian yachtsmen [sic] at the hands of the Khmer Rouge was reported for the first time in a wave of wire service dispatches between mid-November and late December 1979—a year after the capture of the last pair of yachtsmen (Aussies David Lloyd Scott and Ronald Keith Dean), and fifteen months after the seizure of Foxy Lady.[10] That one of these ill-fated sailors was a Canadian was reported for the first time (no name given) in the December 5, 1979 edition of the Wellington Evening Post.[11] Glass would be identified by name for the first time in early January 1980, in a UPI dispatch by U.S. journalist Jim Laurie.[12] Subsequent feature articles by American journalist Ed Rasen, detailing Foxy Lady's fate, appeared in the U.K. publication Now! and the Australian Bulletin.[13][14] Stuart's family never spoke to the media at the time, however, so for the following thirty years Stuart would be known solely by his name and nationality.

Trial of Khmer Rouge leaders

The most directly implicated of surviving Khmer Rouge chiefs alleged to have played a role in Stuart Glass' death is widely believed to be one of two unnamed individuals of interest in Case 003 of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the Khmer Rouge Tribunal.[15] (ECCC Case 001 ended in July 2010 with the conviction of S-21 chief Kaing Guek Eav, alias Duch;[16] Case 002 is scheduled to go to trial in the fall of 2011). Meas Mut, a retired Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea chief and self-professed Buddhist, was "Secretary"/"Chairman" of the RAK's Division 164—the Khmer Rouge navy—which seized Stuart Glass and the eight other Western yachtsmen—killing Glass and sending the others to S-21, where forced "confessions" of CIA allegiance were extracted and the young sailors were killed.[17]

Throughout the spring and summer of 2011, various chambers and offices of the ECCC discussed among themselves—acrimoniously, at times—whether Case 003 should continue to be investigated.[18] The court's British Co-Prosecutor, Andrew Cayley, believes Case 003 has been inadequately investigated.[19] Cayley's Cambodian colleague disagrees, in concordance with the Cambodian government's line.[20] Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen—a former mid-ranking Khmer Rouge commander himself—has made his view clear that the tribunal should wrap up its work, and certainly not extend charges to anyone other than Cas e 002 defendants Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Ieng Thirith, and Khieu Samphan. The tribunal has yet to decidewhether Case 003 will move to trial or not.

The trial of Stuart Glass's alleged murderers is poised to begin (Nuon Chea and Ieng Sary were in charge of Democratic Kampuchea's internal security apparatus and foreign affairs, respectively), thirty-three years after the Canadian's death.[21][22]

References

^ Foxy Lady: Truth, Memory and the Death of Western Yachtsmen in Democratic Kampuchea. By David Kattenburg. The Key Publishing, Toronto. March 2011
^ Magic Bus: On the Hippie Trail from Istanbul to India. New York; Ig Publishing, 2009. http://www.rorymaclean.com/books/magicbus.htm
^ "Update on boats and boat building in the estuary of the Terengganu river, 1972-2005," by Christine Rohani-Longuet. In: "Boats, Boatbuilding and Fishing in Malaysia," MBRAS Reprint 27, Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Kuala Lumpur, 2009.
^ "For four Americans, a savage end to an Asian caper," by Steve Robinson, Life Magazine, March 1980
^ "Rob's victim testimony to Extraordinary Court Chambers of Cambodia," August 17, 2009. Brother Number One blog, http://bno-documentary.blogspot.com/2009/08/robs-victim-testimony-to-extraordinary.html
^ Foxy Lady: Truth, Memory and the Death of Western Yachtsmen in Democratic Kampuchea. By David Kattenburg. The Key Publishing, Toronto. March 2011
^ "Canadian believed among victims: 12 'spies' executed in Cambodia", by Jim Laurie. Vancouver Sun, Jan. 4, 1980, pE20
^ "Voices from S-21: Terror and History in Pol Pot's Secret Prison," by David Chandler, University of California Press, 1999
^ "Facing Death in Cambodia," by Peter Maguire, Columbia University Press, 2005.
^ One of many Web-searchable accounts: "8 yachtsmen killed, Cambodians claim," Globe and Mail (Toronto), November 13, 1979
^ "Radio suggests NZ man executed in Kampuchea as spy," by Bruce Kohn, Wellington Evening Post, December 5, 1979
^ "Canadian believed among victims: 12 'spies' executed in Cambodia", by Jim Laurie. Vancouver Sun, Jan. 4, 1980, pE20
^ "Briton executed at massacre camp," by Edward Rasen, Now! (UK), January 11, 1980
^ "How two Australians found death in Kampuchea," by Edward Rasen et. al., The Bulletin, February 5, 1980.
^ "Leaked document casts doubt on impartiality of Khmer Rouge judges," by Jared Ferrie, Christian Science Monitor, June 8, 2011. http://www.cambodiatribunal.org/sites/default/files/news/Leaked_Document_Casts_Doubt_on_Impartiality_of_Khmer_Rouge_Judges_Jared_Ferrie_6_8_11.pdf
^ "Judgement in Case 001", ECCC, July 26, 2010. http://www.eccc.gov.kh/en/documents/court/judgement-case-001
^ "Seven Candidates for Prosecution: Accountability for the Crimes of the Khmer Rouge," by Stephen Heder with Brian D. Tittemore, War Crimes Research Office, Washington College of Law, American University, and Documentation Center of Cambodia. July 2001
^ "Cambodia's kangaroo court," by Mike Eckel, Foreign Policy, July 20, 2011. http://www.cambodiatribunal.org/sites/default/files/news/cambodiaskangaroocourt.pdf
^ "Statement by the International Co-Prosecutor Regarding Case File 003," Press Release, ECCC, Office off the Co-Prosecutors, May 9, 2011.
^ "Statement by the National Co-Prosecutor Regarding Case File 003," ECCC Office of the Co-Prosecutors, Press Release, May 10, 2011.
^ "B.C. man's killers may finally face justice: Four top leaders of Khmer Rouge regime to face UN-backed tribunal in Phnom Penh on June 27," by David Kattenburg, Vancouver Sun, June 8, 2011
^ "Friend of Canadian killed by Khmer Rouge in 1978 still seeks justice," by David Kattenburg, Toronto Star, June 26, 2011

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Stuart Robert Glass", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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Jan Garanoz
Last updated: February 3, 2016